How to play

 VI Tennis in action

How the game is played


The National Advisory Committee and the Tennis Foundation have always maintained that visually impaired tennis should be as close to the game as possible.

There are 5 main categories ranging from B1-B5 sight classifications.

For information on the rules of vi tennis click here.

Below are our recommendations for equipment and layout in preparation for vi tennis.

Equipment required

Soundballs: These are audible soft balls imported in from Japan. Click here to see our Soundballs page.  

Blackout goggles B1 players wear Paralympic recommended Goggles 

Rackets:  There is no recommended size now for all players

However, Vision 4 Growth would advise (especially for new players):

B1   21-inch rackets

B2-B3 25 inch rackets

It is important that the player has as much close contact to the ball as possible to be able to hear its sound.  Having a shorter handle and larger head often allows for better receivership of the ball.  It must be noted that the balls do not bounce very high and in some cases, particularly B1, there is often a scooping action required.

Court indicators  Vision 4 Growth use roll down lines from Tyger cut to size of B1 base line, secured by silver duct tape.  Masking tape for service lines/outer lines and B2/B5 court.

The Ball Bounces   

         B1  3  bounces

  B2  3  Bounces

B3  2  bounces

      B4/5  1 bounce

This is adhered to within singles and doubles.

The courts

B1 Court – is measured from International standards: 186 wide and 156 cm from net.  This is played across a main net which is lowered to 80 cm (this is approximately measured by standing one racket horizontally against the net and laying another on top vertically)

Service lines should be marked (using masking tape) for umpires and lines brought in.  Vision 4 Growth recommends a tactile base line and centre point be laid with roll down lines secured by duct tape (this is more secure than masking tape).  This should be directly after the base line and the middle line marked away from the net.

Clear instructions:  It is important to relay how a ball was served and where it landed to the server.  This helps with understanding how best to reposition themselves if a second serve is needed.

B2/B5 CourtMasking tape is used to indicate the orange layout on a court.  The net is also lowered to 80 cm.

Click here to see our guide to visually impaired tennis.

If you would like Vision 4 Growth to deliver a more comprehensive workshop to your club, please contact

Click here for a demonstration of V I Tennis in action